Project management methodologies are the various ways in which projects are initiated, planned, and executed unto completion. For different industries and different types of projects, there are specific methodologies that can be used. In the sections below, these project management methodologies are discussed in greater detail.
The word “methodologies” is sometimes confused with other terms like “processes” and “frameworks.” However, there are important distinctions between the three. A framework is a state of mind for approaching a project, whereas a methodology is a prescriptive form of approaching a project. A process is a specific function in which the stages of a methodology are carried out. It is generally agreed that within the management hierarchical structure, the frameworks precede the methodologies, and the methodologies precede above the processes.
Even with this clarification of terminology, the differences between project management methodologies, processes, and frameworks continue to undergo constant discussion. The intent of this article, however, is not to argue the categorization of these terms, but rather, it is to provide a basic understanding of what practices are available in project management. Below is a list of common methodologies, processes, and frameworks. Because project management methodologies have been developed for literally thousands of years, this list is in no way inclusive.
Below are a few other project management methodologies, processes, and frameworks more specific to the IT industry. As these tend to be much more complicated, their names are only listed:
Once again, for clarification, the exact definitions for these project management practices are not always agreed upon among project managers. For example, some may insist that a methodology is a process while others insist that a process is a framework. Some may even use the three synonymously. However, the list is intended only to demonstrate what most project managers consider to be the best practices associated with project management methodologies.
Wikipedia: project management methodologies
See Also, AtTask Project Management Software